Born in Innsbruck, Austria, in1917, Ettore Sottsass took a degree in Architecture at the Politecnico of Turin in 1939. In 1947 he set up his own studio in Milan. In 1958 he started to work with Olivetti as design consultant. In 1959 he designed the first Italian electronic calculator and typewriter models such as Praxis, Tekne and Valentine. A Valentine typewriter is now included in the permanent collection at New York MOMA. In 1980 he founded the firm Sottsass Associati. In 1981 he set up the “Memphis” project, which soon became as the flagship of new design. His works became part of the permanent collections of important museums in major cities of the world. He died on December, 31, 2007 in Milan.